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|Requirement ID:||Req-715: Standard Terminologies and Terminology Models||Req-1010: Validate clinical terms against a standard terminology|
|Release Package:||2013 Format||2013 Format|
|Title:||Standard Terminologies and Terminology Models||Validate clinical terms against a standard terminology|
|Description:||STATEMENT: Employ standard terminologies to ensure data correctness and to enable semantic interoperability (both within an enterprise and externally).
Support a formal standard terminology model.
DESCRIPTION: Semantic interoperability requires standard terminologies combined with a formal standard information model. An example of an information model is the HL7 Reference Information model.
Examples of terminologies that an EHR-S may support include: LOINC, SNOMED, ICD-9, ICD-10, and CPT-4.
A terminology provides semantic and computable identity to its concepts.
Terminologies are use-case dependent and may or may not be realm dependent. For example, terminologies for public health interoperability may differ from those for healthcare quality, administrative reporting, research, etc.
Formal standard terminology models enable common semantic representations by describing relationships that exist between concepts within a terminology or in different terminologies, such as exemplified in the model descriptions contained in the HL7 Common Terminology Services specification.
The clinical use of standard terminologies is greatly enhanced with the ability to perform hierarchical inference searches across coded concepts. Hierarchical Inference enables searches to be conducted across sets of coded concepts stored in an EHR-S.
Relationships between concepts in the terminology are used in the search to recognize child concepts of a common parent. For example, there may be a parent concept, "penicillin containing preparations" which has numerous child concepts, each of which represents a preparation containing a specific form of penicillin (Penicillin V, Penicillin G, etc.). Therefore, a search may be conducted to find all patients taking any form of penicillin preparation.
Clinical and other terminologies may be provided through a terminology service internal or external to an EHR-S. An example of a terminology service is described in the HL7 Common Terminology Services specification.
|The system MAY provide the ability to validate that clinical terms and coded clinical data exists in an accepted standard terminology for child health (if available).|
|Topic Area(s):||Medication Management, Special Terminology and Information||Special Terminology and Information|
|Provenance:||HL7 EHR FM R1||HL7 EHR FM R1 - IH Gap Analysis - SME|
|Requirement Type:||Function||Normative Statements|