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|Requirement ID:||Req-263: Manage Problem List||Req-715: Standard Terminologies and Terminology Models|
|Release Package:||2013 Format||2013 Format|
|Title:||Manage Problem List||Standard Terminologies and Terminology Models|
|Description:||STATEMENT: Create and maintain patient- specific problem lists.
DESCRIPTION: A problem list may include, but is not limited to: Chronic conditions, diagnoses, or symptoms, functional limitations, visit or stay-specific conditions, diagnoses, or symptoms. Problem lists are managed over time, whether over the course of a visit or stay or the life of a patient, allowing documentation of historical information and tracking the changing character of problem(s) and their priority. The source (e.g. the provider, the system id, or the patient) of the updates should be documented. In addition all pertinent dates are stored. All pertinent dates are stored, including date noted or diagnosed, dates of any changes in problem specification or prioritization, and date of resolution. This might include time stamps, where useful and appropriate. The entire problem history for any problem in the list is viewable.
|STATEMENT: Employ standard terminologies to ensure data correctness and to enable semantic interoperability (both within an enterprise and externally).
Support a formal standard terminology model.
DESCRIPTION: Semantic interoperability requires standard terminologies combined with a formal standard information model. An example of an information model is the HL7 Reference Information model.
Examples of terminologies that an EHR-S may support include: LOINC, SNOMED, ICD-9, ICD-10, and CPT-4.
A terminology provides semantic and computable identity to its concepts.
Terminologies are use-case dependent and may or may not be realm dependent. For example, terminologies for public health interoperability may differ from those for healthcare quality, administrative reporting, research, etc.
Formal standard terminology models enable common semantic representations by describing relationships that exist between concepts within a terminology or in different terminologies, such as exemplified in the model descriptions contained in the HL7 Common Terminology Services specification.
The clinical use of standard terminologies is greatly enhanced with the ability to perform hierarchical inference searches across coded concepts. Hierarchical Inference enables searches to be conducted across sets of coded concepts stored in an EHR-S.
Relationships between concepts in the terminology are used in the search to recognize child concepts of a common parent. For example, there may be a parent concept, "penicillin containing preparations" which has numerous child concepts, each of which represents a preparation containing a specific form of penicillin (Penicillin V, Penicillin G, etc.). Therefore, a search may be conducted to find all patients taking any form of penicillin preparation.
Clinical and other terminologies may be provided through a terminology service internal or external to an EHR-S. An example of a terminology service is described in the HL7 Common Terminology Services specification.
|Topic Area(s):||Child Welfare, Children with Special Healthcare Needs, Parents and Guardians and Family Relationship Data, Well Child/Preventive Care||Medication Management, Special Terminology and Information|
|Provenance:||HL7 EHR FM R1||HL7 EHR FM R1|
|See Also:||DC.2.1.3, S.2.2.1, S.3.3.5, IN.2.4, IN.2.5.1, IN.2.5.2, IN.4.1, IN.4.2, IN.4.3, IN.6|