At a Glance
2015 Priority List
Problem-specific age of consent
The system shall provide the ability to access legal guidelines on consent requirements for reference, where available, and to record the age of consent for a specific treatment when these differ based on legal guidelines.
Rules regarding age of consent vary across States and they also can vary depending on the service being provided or the minor patient’s status. When a health provider is providing minor consent services, it is important for the system to support a provider’s understanding around the relevant consent rules through available, up-to-date reference materials and to be able to record the age of or basis for consent within the record.
This reference could be provded in the form of a look-up function, marked with the appropriate dates under which the information was referenced. The look-up could include the age of majority as defined in each State statute, along with any exceptions allowing for minor consent/assent prior to the age of majority for specific types of treatment.
Several resources are available online that can support this functionality, including: State Minor Consent Laws: A Summary, from the Center for Adolescent Health & the Law (http://www.cahl.org/state-minor-consent-laws-a-summary-third-edition/ (for a fee State Policies in Brief: An Overview of Minors’ Consent Laws by Guttmacher Institute (updated yearly (http://www.guttmacher.org/statecenter/spibs/spib_OMCL.pdf as well as numerous State-specific resources, such as Understanding Confidentiality and Minor Consent in California: An Adolescent Provider Toolkit from the Adolescent Health Working Group (http://ahwg.net/uploads/3/2/5/9/3259766/2010mcmoduleblackwhite.pdf