At a Glance
Standard terminology for medications and treatments
The system SHOULD provide the ability to encode the names of medications and patient treatments commonly used for children using a terminology identified as a standard for documenting medication names.
Comment: EHR systems may use existing terminologies that represent clinical medications, such as MediSpan, First Data Bank or Multum to support this function. However, EHR systems may also maintain their own proprietary medication terminology. In either case, the scope of the functionality for EHR systems relates to their ability to allow users to encode medications according to a standard representation.
The United States National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics (NCVHS) and the United States government's multiagency consolidated health informatics (CHI) council recommended a core set of reference terminologies as standards for representing aspects of patient medical record information. The NCVHS selected the standard terminologies on the basis of those which "(1) are required to adequately cover the domain of patient medical record information and (2) meet essential technical criteria to serve as reference terminologies".
Please see Comment within 'Description'
Terminologies for medication names: Children may receive medications or immunizations specifically targeted to treat or prevent diseases particular or common to that population. For example, the vaccine used to prevent infection with Haemophilus Influenzae Type B is given to children under the age of 1 year. Terminologies designed to represent medications and immunizations can include concepts covering these child-specific medications and immunizations. A number of drug terminologies exist, including Rx-Norm, NDF-RT (National Drug File - Reference Terminology and FDB (First DataBank There are currently no studies evaluating their coverage for medications or vaccinations common to pediatrics. However, these terminologies are likely to cover most such concepts, and developers should consider starting with these resources.