United States Health Information Knowledgebase

 

Information Models

Information models are increasingly being used in health information management to make large amounts of information accessible or more easily understandable. Models often provide a more intuitive means of finding subject matter or similar groupings of information than viewing simple lists. Three-dimensional models can be presented in easily understood two-dimensional graphics, where subject areas in the graphic are hot-linked to sub views. The third dimension is achieved by selecting parts of the graphic to see corresponding sub views and/or data elements.

During the "drill-down", the customer can view the hierarchical relationships among items by selecting sequentially deeper levels.

Alternatively, the customer can move laterally where such relationships exist among sub views or data elements by choosing items from the same sub view. The lists and details are the same information as is generated by other of the previously mentioned entry points such as direct search of Data Elements and viewing Data Elements by Data Agreement or Data Collection; the grouping is simply different.

Information Models include:

  • American Dental Association (ADA)
  • Clinical Care Classification (CCC) System (Nursing Taxonomy)
  • Consolidated Health Informatics (CHI)
  • Healthcare Information Technology Standards Panel (HITSP)
  • MHS Functional Area Model - DATA (FAM-D)
  • National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics (NCVHS)
  • National Council for Prescription Drug Programs (NCPDP)
  • National Council for Prescription Drug Programs SCRIPT (NCPDP-SCRIPT)
  • National Health Information Model of Australia  (NHIM)
  • Health Care Service Data Reporting Guide (HCSDRG)
  • Small Scale Harmonization Project (SSHP)

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